Virus discovery offers clues about origins of complex life

The first discovery of viruses infecting a group of microbes that may include the ancestors of all complex life has been found, researchers at The University of Texas at Austin…

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New deep learning model helps the automated screening of common eye disorders

A new deep learning (DL) model that can identify disease-related features from images of eyes has been unveiled by a group of Tohoku University researchers. This ‘lightweight’ DL model can…

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Scientists show that at least 44 percent of earth’s land requires conservation to safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem services

New research published in the June 3, 2022 journal Science reveals that 44 percent of Earth’s land area – some 64 million square kilometers (24.7 million square miles) requires conservation…

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Light pollution can disorient monarch butterflies

Besides planting milkweed in the garden, people interested in helping monarch butterflies might want to turn off the porch light. Besides planting milkweed in the garden, people interested in helping…

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DNA provides unique look at moa and climate change

Ancient moa DNA has provided insights into how species react to climate change, a University of Otago study has found. By analysing ancient DNA of the extinct eastern moa, researchers…

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A friend, not foe: Parasite in gastrointestinal system found to promote health

The human gut — or gastrointestinal system — where food is broken down into nutrients for the body, is an ecosystem that harbours thousands of bacteria species, whose interactions determine…

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Adriatic ecosystems withstand major climate shifts but wither under human impact

An analysis of more than 70,000 fossils indicates that mollusk communities were incredibly resilient to major climatic shifts during the last ice age. An analysis of more than 70,000 fossils…

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Beyond the honeybee: how many bee species does a meadow need?

A meadow’s lush array of flowers needs a full phalanx of bees to pollinate them—far more than just the honeybees and bumblebees that most people are familiar with, according to…

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Birds are laying their eggs earlier, and climate change is to blame

Spring is in the air. Birds are singing and beginning to build their nests. It happens every year, like clockwork. But a new study in the Journal of Animal Ecology…

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Stressed out worms use epigenetic inheritance to produce more sexually attractive offspring

Sexual reproduction allows organisms to mix up their genes and develop new adaptations to survive a harsh and ever-changing environment. Under nutrient-rich conditions, the worm C. elegans is typically asexual,…

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